What is HPV?
HPV, or Human Papilloma Viruses, are viruses which cannot live autonomously; their survival and multiplication require a host’s cells. The HPV virus contains DNA in its genetic material and is hosted in human cells. There are over 200 types (serotypes) of HPV viruses, and they are classified as low-risk or high-risk depending on their ability to induce cancer or other conditions.
Which pathological conditions may HPV virus induce to a woman?
HPV virus may cause a plethora of benign or malign lesions to the skin of the human body. The high-risk HPV types are oncogenic, and if they are not remitted by the immune system they can induce uterine cervical cancer or, more rarely, vaginal cancer. Low-risk HPV types may induce genital warts, which are not malign. It should be noted that most HPV infections does not lead to cancer. Apart from the female genital system, different types of the virus may affect different body systems including the hands, the feet, or other organs of the respiratory system.
How can an HPV infection be prevented?
Vaccines are available which can offer protection from certain virus strains. As is the case with all common vaccines, they are manufactured using non-pathogenic protein parts of the virus, offering immunity to the virus. Vaccines offer protection from the #6, #11, #16, #18, #31, #33, #45, #52 and #58 strains of the virus. Recent research has indicated that protection from additional strains may be offered via cross-reaction. The vaccines available enable a female’s immune system to incapacitate the strains if infected by them. Administration of the vaccine may happen from the age of 15 until the age of 26. The vaccine does not offer blanket protection against all HPV strains in existence and does not help combat an existing infection. Now the vaccine is available and for the boys apart from the girls.
What is Pap Smear test?
Papanikolaou Test or Pap Smear is the name of a cytology examination which checks the cells in the genital area. It is an inspection method for detecting epithelial lesions of the vagina and the cervix (precancerous and cancerous alike). The information this test provides concerns the state of the cells that have been examined. Pap Smear constitutes the cornerstone of preventive gynaecology since it aims to prevent cervical cancer.
How is the Pap Smear Test conducted?
The process of the Pap Smear test is simple and requires only a few minutes. The doctor, using a special spatula, extracts vaginal and cervical cells which are then sent for cytological study. The extraction of the cells occurs as follows: We remove one layer of cells from the vaginal area, a layer of the outer surface of the cervix, and finally a layer of cells from the inner region of the cervix, the endocervix. Pap Smear test does not hurt, all you will feel is a little discomfort during the examination. You should keep in mind that the benefits for your health are great, despite the few seconds of discomfort.
How often should I have a Pap Smear Test?
A Pap Smear test should be done for the first time six to twelve months after the beginning of your sex life. It should be repeated every one to three years, unless your doctor determines that it should be done more often, for reasons that you should certainly discuss with him.
What is a colposcopy?
Colposcopy is a special diagnostic test that aims to further explore possible lesions discovered during the Pap test. It lasts 15 minutes. The gynaecologist uses a colposcope to observe the cervix magnified. The use of a colposcope, which is especially designed and equipped with high definition magnifying lenses, provides the doctor with the opportunity to identify with clarity the potential damage and the possibility to conduct a guided biopsy, if so necessary.
How is the colposcopy test performed?
The woman sits on the specialist gynaecological examination bed. We use the colposcope, in order to examine the cervix and the surrounding areas, when deemed necessary. Then we proceed to map the cervical region. The mapping is based on the bleaching of the cervix that occurs when it is contacted with acetic acid. Bleaching is closely related to the pathology of the cervix and demonstrates the regions with the greatest likelihood of damage. In this way, the subjectivity of the human factor does not become an issue and directed biopsies can be taken from the higher risk areas.
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Frequently Asked Questions
This procedure is suitable for women suffering from vaginal relaxation, which could be caused by multiple childbirths, hereditary factors, or modern way of life (i.e. lack of exercise, sudden large-scale weight loss, smoking, etc).
Laser Vaginoplasty is certainly superior and more advantageous than the traditional method of colporrhaphy, even when a medical grid is used. Using a foreign object (grid) in this sensitive area may cause a permanent and unpleasant sensation during sexual intercourse in the post-operation period, especially so in the cases of particularly active women sexually. This situation is attributed to mucosal erosion of the area, contributing to hypersensitivity of the area as well as pain associated with friction. On the contrary, when Vaginoplasty takes place, no foreign objects are used, and the tissues are quickly restored to a tighter, less relaxed state. As such, a female patient in the post-operation period will be able to increase her sexual gratification as well as enjoy her body exponentially.
Through this particular cosmetic surgery procedure, you can expect a dramatic increase of pleasure achieved during sexual intercourse and a notable improvement of your orgasmic frequency and intensity.
Laser operations are clearly superior to traditional, scalpel-based, procedures. Using laser equipment, a completely blood-free and painless procedure becomes possible. Surgical incisions and tissue removal using laser offers extreme precision and guarantees a natural result without scars or bruises formed in the area. Recovery and return to daily activities in a normal manner both happen very quickly following the operation. The specific laser equipment used in operations is a low-voltage laser, unable to cause any tissue damage and is not associated with dangerous results.
The procedure's duration – which, depending on location, is performed either at our clinic, or at a suitably equipped external clinic - ranges from 1 to 2 hours depending on the individual case.
Dr. Bader is an expert in the field of vaginal surgery, cosmetic operations in the vaginal and perineal areas, anatomic malformations of the areas, and urine incontinence. He is an internationally renowned cosmetic surgeon with extensive surgical experience, operating in three countries in a regular basis, and elsewhere on request. Dr. Bader is a pioneer in his field and maintains regular presence in international conferences and symposia, where he shares new developments about techniques and procedures with world-class cosmetic surgeons.
Cost is individually quoted depending on the specific needs and condition of each patient. Learn more about pricing.
Stem cell vaginal rejuvenation aims to increase elasticity of the vaginal mucosa and make a healthier sexual life a reality. The procedure is particularly recommended to women facing intense problems with vaginal dryness, or wishing to enhance their sexual gratification. Should sexual gratification enhancement be the objective of the procedure, stem cell vaginal rejuvenation can be combined with a stem cell transfer and infusion in the clitoris area, in order to increase its sensitivity. Vaginoplasty can furthermore take place alongside stem cell vaginal rejuvenation to ensure the most far-reaching and perfect results.
Stem cell vaginal rejuvenation begins with a small-scale liposuction from an appropriate body location (e.g. belly, thighs, etc). Following this, using advanced medical equipment, the collected fat is processed and the elements containing stem cells are properly isolated. Stem cells are collected and infused inside the appropriate areas of the vagina in the final stage of the procedure.
Stem cell vaginal rejuvenation usually takes place under local anaesthesia or light sedation. This method has the added advantage of not requiring the patient's prolonged stay in the clinic, and complete recovery is generally accelerated.
The procedure's duration – which, depending on location, is performed either at our clinic, or at a suitably equipped external clinic - is usually 1.5 hours but may be adjusted depending on the individual case.