Vaginal Infections & STD's

What is vaginitis?

The term vaginitis refers to the inflammation of the vagina. It is usually a result of the disruption of the normal balance of vaginal bacteria, but it may also be caused by an infection or due to a decrease in oestrogen production after menopause. Vaginitis is usually manifested by the presence of itching and increased fluids in the vagina, which sometimes have an unpleasant odour. Vaginal disorders are currently the most common health problem faced by women and they are the most common reason for a woman to visit her gynaecologist.


  • Disruption of the balance of the bacteria in the vagina
  • Itching

What are the most common types of vaginitis?

The most common types of vaginitis are:

  • Bacterial vaginitis, which is due to excessive growth of some bacteria that live and reproduce normally in the vagina.
  • Candidiasis: usually due to a fungus present in the vagina (Candida albicans).
  • Trichomoniasis which is caused by a parasite usually transmitted by sexual contact.
  • Vaginal atrophy or atrophic vaginitis, a result of reduced oestrogen production after menopause.

What are the symptoms of vaginitis?

The most common symptoms of vaginitis are:

  • Changes of colour, odour or amount of vaginal fluid.
  • Irritation or itching in the vagina.
  • Pain during intercourse.
  • Pain when urinating.
  • Slight vaginal bleeding or spotting.

How are vaginal infections treated?

Vaginitis, although at first glance seems to be a simple thing, can be one of the most difficult to address gynaecological problems. This is due to the distinctiveness of the physiology of the vagina and the complexity of the fine balances on which the proper functioning rests. Treatment entails taking a combination of oral antibiotics and vaginal suppositories or creams. However, even after the treatment, vaginitis can recur due to resilience being formed, or a reinfection happening.

What is Mycosis or Yeast Infection?

Within the vaginal fluids there are microbes that protect women from infections (Lactobacillus). Apart from these microbes there are others, but they are at a very small percentage. There are fungi in place whose percentage does not exceed 2%. In special cases (antibiotics, vaginal washes etc.) where Lactobacillus are being destroyed, fungi develop and the most common is Candida albicans. More than 80% of women have been pestered from a fungal infection. Mycosis is a very common vaginal infection and it is not considered a sexually transmitted disease.

What are the causes for mycosis?

Mycosis is an opportunistic infection and is related with factors that cause it, such as:

  • Broad spectrum antibiotics.
  • Diabetes.
  • Frequent intravaginal washes.
  • Immunosuppression.
  • Spiral.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Poor hygiene.
  • Use of cortisone.

What are the symptoms of mycosis?

Mycosis causes intense itching in the vaginal area. It also exhibits an increased amount of white vaginal fluids which have a cheesy texture. These liquids are odourless and thick. Finally, another symptom of mycosis is pain during urination and sexual intercourse.

How is mycosis cured?

There are treatments that last a day and treatments that last 3-7 days. Chronic mycosis usually needs treatment with pills, which lasts longer. We should never self-diagnose and treat because there is the risk of error or coexistence of the mycosis with another infection. Additionally, drugs exist that can mitigate the symptoms without curing the infection.

What is Chlamydia?

Chlamydia infection, often simply known as chlamydia, is a sexual transmit-ted disease caused by the bacterium Chlamydia Trachomatis. It is one of the most common infections and is affecting worldwide 4,2% of the women and 2,7% of men.

What are the symptoms of Chlamydia infection?

Most people who are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this can take a few weeks following infection to occur.

Symptoms in women are:

  • Vaginal discharged
  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease, if the infection spreads to the upper genital track
  • Infertility
  • Ectopic Pregnancy

Symptoms in men are:

  • Discharge from the penis
  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Pain or swelling of one or both testicles

How does Chlamydia get Transmitted?

  • Can be spread during vaginal, anal & oral intercourse
  • Can be passed from an infected mother to her baby during child-birth
  • The eye infections may also be spread by personal contact, flies, and contam-inated towels

How do we diagnose Chlamydia?

By screening test which is recommended:

  • Yearly in sexually active women under the age of twenty-five
  • At higher risk patients
  • At the first prenatal visit

Testing can be done on the urine or a swab of the cervix, vagina or urethra Rectal or mouth swabs are required to diagnose infections in those areas.

Prevention of Chlamydia?

  • Use of condoms
  • Having intercourse with only one other person, who is not infected

Treatment of Chlamydia?

Chlamydia can be cured by antibiotics and you need to visit your doctor for diag-nosis & treatment. Both the partners must be treated.

Book an appointment at our;

  • London Clinic | +44 (0) 2081440336
  • Dubai Clinic | +971 (0) 507599137


Vaginal Infections & STD's | Dr. Maria

Frequently Asked Questions

This procedure is suitable for women suffering from vaginal relaxation, which could be caused by multiple childbirths, hereditary factors, or modern way of life (i.e. lack of exercise, sudden large-scale weight loss, smoking, etc).

Laser Vaginoplasty is certainly superior and more advantageous than the traditional method of colporrhaphy, even when a medical grid is used. Using a foreign object (grid) in this sensitive area may cause a permanent and unpleasant sensation during sexual intercourse in the post-operation period, especially so in the cases of particularly active women sexually. This situation is attributed to mucosal erosion of the area, contributing to hypersensitivity of the area as well as pain associated with friction. On the contrary, when Vaginoplasty takes place, no foreign objects are used, and the tissues are quickly restored to a tighter, less relaxed state. As such, a female patient in the post-operation period will be able to increase her sexual gratification as well as enjoy her body exponentially.

Through this particular cosmetic surgery procedure, you can expect a dramatic increase of pleasure achieved during sexual intercourse and a notable improvement of your orgasmic frequency and intensity.

Laser operations are clearly superior to traditional, scalpel-based, procedures. Using laser equipment, a completely blood-free and painless procedure becomes possible. Surgical incisions and tissue removal using laser offers extreme precision and guarantees a natural result without scars or bruises formed in the area. Recovery and return to daily activities in a normal manner both happen very quickly following the operation. The specific laser equipment used in operations is a low-voltage laser, unable to cause any tissue damage and is not associated with dangerous results.

The procedure's duration – which, depending on location, is performed either at our clinic, or at a suitably equipped external clinic - ranges from 1 to 2 hours depending on the individual case.

Dr. Bader is an expert in the field of vaginal surgery, cosmetic operations in the vaginal and perineal areas, anatomic malformations of the areas, and urine incontinence. He is an internationally renowned cosmetic surgeon with extensive surgical experience, operating in three countries in a regular basis, and elsewhere on request. Dr. Bader is a pioneer in his field and maintains regular presence in international conferences and symposia, where he shares new developments about techniques and procedures with world-class cosmetic surgeons.

Cost is individually quoted depending on the specific needs and condition of each patient. Learn more about pricing.

Stem cell vaginal rejuvenation aims to increase elasticity of the vaginal mucosa and make a healthier sexual life a reality. The procedure is particularly recommended to women facing intense problems with vaginal dryness, or wishing to enhance their sexual gratification. Should sexual gratification enhancement be the objective of the procedure, stem cell vaginal rejuvenation can be combined with a stem cell transfer and infusion in the clitoris area, in order to increase its sensitivity. Vaginoplasty can furthermore take place alongside stem cell vaginal rejuvenation to ensure the most far-reaching and perfect results.

Stem cell vaginal rejuvenation begins with a small-scale liposuction from an appropriate body location (e.g. belly, thighs, etc). Following this, using advanced medical equipment, the collected fat is processed and the elements containing stem cells are properly isolated. Stem cells are collected and infused inside the appropriate areas of the vagina in the final stage of the procedure.

Stem cell vaginal rejuvenation usually takes place under local anaesthesia or light sedation. This method has the added advantage of not requiring the patient's prolonged stay in the clinic, and complete recovery is generally accelerated.

The procedure's duration – which, depending on location, is performed either at our clinic, or at a suitably equipped external clinic - is usually 1.5 hours but may be adjusted depending on the individual case.